Connect with us

Health

US States With ‘High’ Adult Obesity Rate Doubles; Is Yours One Of Them?

Published

on

Obesity Cases On The Rise Amid COVID-19 Pandemic


Obesity continues to be a problem in the United States and many parts of the world. New data shows that the number of U.S. states with high rates of adult obesity has even more than doubled since 2018.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released the updated adult obesity prevalence map Tuesday, and it included 49 states, the District of Columbia and three territories.

According to the combined 2019-2021 data, all of the states and territories actually had more than 20% prevalence of adults with obesity. However, in 19 states and two territories, “at least 35% of residents” had adult obesity. This “more than doubles” the number of states with high obesity prevalence since 2018, the CDC said.

These states were Alabama, Arkansas, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas and West Virginia, the agency noted. Territories Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands were also included.

Based on the data, 17 of the mentioned states alongside Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands had “35% to less than 40%” of adults with obesity. But in Kentucky and West Virginia, the rate was “40% or more.”

The South was found to be the region with the highest obesity prevalence rates at 36.3%. The Midwest followed closely behind with 35.4%, while the Northeast and the West came next, with 29.9% and 28.7%, respectively.

There were also notable disparities in the groups affected by obesity based on race and ethnicity.

“This report illustrates the urgent need for making obesity prevention and treatment accessible to all Americans in every state and every community,” Debra Houry, CDC acting principal deputy director, said in the agency’s news release. “When we provide stigma-free support to adults living with obesity, we can help save lives and reduce severe outcomes of disease.”

Adults with obesity have an increased risk for certain diseases such as heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and some cancers — conditions that the CDC noted to be the “leading causes of preventable, premature death.” They are also more at risk of worse COVID-19 outcomes, according to the agency.

Many of these adults also experience getting stigmatized because of their weight, when obesity is quite a “complex” condition that has various contributing factors, such as access to healthy, affordable foods, having safe places to engage in physical activity and even neighborhood design.

It is also not a problem that’s limited to the U.S., as overweight and obesity are said to have grown to “epidemic proportions,” the World Health Organization said, noting that millions of people die each year as a result of being overweight or obese. And even children are increasingly being affected by it. From 1975 to 2016, the global rate of kids aged 5 to 19 who are affected by being overweight or obese increased “more than four-fold” from 4% to 18%, the organization noted.

“There are key actions and resources that can help slow and ultimately reverse the obesity epidemic,” Karen Hacker, the director of CDC’s National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, said in the news release. “These include supporting healthy individual lifestyle changes and ensuring that all people have access to healthy foods, evidence-based health care services, obesity treatment programs and safe places for physical activity.”





Source link

Health

Farts, Poop And Pee: An AI Will Listen To These Sounds And Detect Abnormalities

Published

on

Farts, Poop And Pee: An AI Will Listen To These Sounds And Detect Abnormalities


Scientists have created a machine that will listen to your farts, pee, and poop. Yes, that’s right. The machine will recognize and analyze the sound of each bathroom-related activity.

The scientists have cleverly named the machine Synthetic Human Acoustic Reproduction Testing machine (S.H.A.R.T.). It is a mechanical device fitted with pumps, nozzles, and tubes. The contraptions are meant to recreate the physics and sound of human bodily functions.

The creators of the S.H.A.R.T. machine presented their work at the American Physical Society’s annual Fluid Dynamics conference. Their results are yet to be published in a peer-reviewed journal.

Scientists are training AI to detect and scrutinize scatological sounds so that it can one day help in diagnosing deadly diseases like cholera and nip a potential outbreak in the bud.

“There’s an outbreak and resurgence in Haiti  as we speak,” Maia Gatlin, an aerospace engineer at the Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI), said at the presentation, reported Inverse. Faster detection of cases will help curb outbreaks like these, Gatlin added.

The researchers want to use the AI model in tandem with relatively cheap sensors and put them to use in vulnerable regions.

“And as we classify those events, we can start to collect that data,” Gatlin said. “It can say, ‘Hey we’re seeing an outbreak of lots of diarrhea.’ Then we can start to quickly diagnose what’s going on in an area.’”

Sounds are a non-invasive way to remotely analyze bowel conditions. “Self-reporting is not very reliable,” David Ancalle, a mechanical engineering student at Georgia Tech, said, according to the outlet. “We’re trying to find a non-invasive way where people can get a notification on whether or not they should go get checked out. Like ‘Hey, your urine is not flowing at the rate that it should. Your farts are not sounding the way they should. You should check it out.’”

The AI was fed publicly available audio and video of excretions, with frequency spectrum captured of each one of them. The AI was then ready for SHART machine testing.

SHART played out different sounds of human outputs with the help of water pumped through the machine. “A lot of thought went into each of the sounds,” Gatlin said. “There was a subsystem for each sound on this little machine.”

“It actually performs pretty well,” Gaitlin continued.

The AI was able to successfully identify the correct “excretion event” with 98 percent accuracy, according to early data.

The scientists are adamant that they want their work to be budget-friendly for everyone.

“We’re not trying to come up with million-dollar equipment,” Ancalle said. “We are trying to make this something that can be afforded by just everyone, particularly since the project is focused on urban areas with weak health systems. The affordability aspect is very important for us.”

 

 





Source link

Continue Reading

Health

Women, Individuals With High BMI May Face Greater Risk Of Long COVID: Study

Published

on

Research Dispels Myth That COVID-19 Vaccines Cause Infertility, But Misinformation Persists


OVID-19 continues to haunt some patients, with many suffering from so-called long COVID. Women and those with high body mass index (BMI) may be at higher risk for the condition, a new study has found.

For their study, published Wednesday on PLOS Global Public Health, a team of researchers conducted a survey to “characterize the burden and predictors” for long COVID.

Long COVID, also known as post-COVID syndrome, is the condition wherein the symptoms patients develop during or after a COVID-19 infection persist for over 12 weeks after being diagnosed with it. Symptoms may range from coughing, fatigue and breathlessness to brain fog, tinnitus and chest pain.

“Ongoing symptomatic COVID-19 or post-COVID-19 syndrome is estimated to be adversely affecting the day-to-day activities of 836,000 people in the United Kingdom according to the ONS (Office for National Statistics, UK) report, with 244,000 saying their ability to undertake day-to-day activities had been ‘limited a lot,'” the researchers wrote.

To shed further light on the condition and potentially inform healthcare services, the researchers surveyed people in Norfolk, East England U.K. who were diagnosed with COVID-19 in 2020. In total, some 1,487 people participated in the survey, wherein they answered queries about pre- and post-COVID conditions such as breathlessness, loss of taste or smell, and their use of healthcare services related to long COVID.

“We wanted to find out what factors might make people more or less susceptible to developing long COVID,” one of the study authors, Vassilios Vassiliou of the University of East Anglia’s (UEA) Norwich Medical School, said in the university’s news release.

Of all the participants, 774, or 52.1% experienced long COVID. What’s interesting, however, is that more women had the symptoms compared to men, with the male sex appearing to be “protective of post-COVID symptoms” compared to the female sex.

Having a higher BMI was also associated with higher risks of developing long COVID.

“It was found that female sex and high BMI are associated with higher likelihood of developing post-COVID19 syndrome,” the researchers wrote. “Those two factors have a significant predictive value in the use of further health services among those diagnosed with post-COVID19 syndrome.”

The results, they say, are in line with another previous research in England, wherein females were also found to have higher long COVID rates than males.

This sheds further light on the condition that many continue to suffer from. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), for instance, long COVID has also been more often observed in some people such as those who had severe COVID-19, while those who weren’t vaccinated for COVID-19 may also face higher risks for it.

The impact of long COVID may go beyond just the patients, too, as an expert pointed out that it may also have a $3.7 trillion impact on the U.S. economy. Hence, the results of this study provide valuable information about long COVID and the people who are most likely to suffer from it.

“We hope that our work will help policymakers plan local services and also inform the wider public of the scale of the long COVID pandemic,” Vassiliou said, as per UEA.

“Our academic colleagues at the University of East Anglia have really helped local health and care organizations to identify local patients at risk of long COVID, helping us to do all we can to support them on their recovery journey,” another study author, Mark Lim, added.





Source link

Continue Reading

Health

Scientists Find Differences In Brain Structure Of Older People With Better Cognitive Abilities

Published

on

Scientists Find Differences In Brain Structure Of Older People With Better Cognitive Abilities


An insightful study analyzing what contributes to the sharpness of mind in old age has found evolutionary hints.

The study, which was published in the peer-reviewed Chinese journal Science Bulletin, found that more developed frontal lobes were associated with sharp minds in some old people. The reason behind this occurrence may be attributed to natural selection in human evolution.

“Our team initiated the Beijing Ageing Brain Rejuvenation Initiative in 2008, which focused on elderly people with cognitive impairment because they needed more attention. But during our community-based research, we found there was a group of elderly people who aged more slowly and had a higher quality of life,” Chen Yaojing, study corresponding author and a researcher at Beijing Normal University, said, reported South China Morning Post. “We want to learn from them and find out ways to keep our brain in a healthier state.”

It was found during the study that people who had successful cognitive aging (SCA) had a better preserved frontal region of the brain. Meanwhile, people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) exhibited structural deterioration in the temporal region of the brain.

The authors put forward a “frontal preservation, temporal impairment (FPTI)” hypothesis to provide an explanation for the differences in individuals’ cognitive aging.

The frontal lobes are associated with cognitive functions, such as decision-making, problem-solving, and attention. Interestingly, the frontal lobes are one of the main features that separate human beings and animals. The frontal lobes are proportionally larger in humans than in other species of animals.

Chen said the human frontal lobe was the most recent one to evolve and it exhibited age-related decline faster than other abilities.

“There’s a theory called ‘last in, first out’. The newest part in evolution will decline first because human beings tend to save their survival abilities to the end,” Chen said. “So, for most elderly people, the functions of their frontal lobes decline early. But for people with successful cognitive aging, their frontal lobes are preserved well.”

The temporal lobes are responsible for processing auditory information and preserving memory. Structural abnormalities in this region have been associated with pathological cognitive aging, according to researchers.

Three groups of older adults aged between 70 and 88 were recruited for the study. These included 64 successful cognitive aging individuals, 68 mild cognitive impairment patients, and 66 cognitively normal controls.

For the study, Chen and her colleagues analyzed gray matter volume, gray matter networks, and white matter network characteristics of the three groups.

Compared to the other two groups, the SCA group performed better on all three parameters.

“If our hypothesis is proven true, in the future we can develop the frontal lobes or slow the aging of temporal lobes,” Chen concluded. “This is a multidisciplinary effort.”





Source link

Continue Reading

Copyright © 2021 Vitamin Patches Online.